Two dissociable updating processes in working memory activist dating

Representations in working memory are a subset of representations in long-term memory.Working memory is organized into two embedded levels.

Moreover, the SUS task also showed positive correlations with verbal episodic memory tasks employing sentences and paragraphs.

These results indicate that the SUS task is a promising new task for psycholinguistic studies addressing verbal WM updating.

The other slave system, the visuospatial sketchpad, stores visual and spatial information.

It can be used, for example, for constructing and manipulating visual images and for representing mental maps.

The sketchpad can be further broken down into a visual subsystem (dealing with such phenomena as shape, colour, and texture), and a spatial subsystem (dealing with location).

In 2000, Baddeley extended the model by adding a fourth component, the episodic buffer, which holds representations that integrate phonological, visual, and spatial information, and possibly information not covered by the slave systems (e.g., semantic information, musical information).Working memory is often used synonymously with short-term memory, but some theorists consider the two forms of memory distinct, assuming that working memory allows for the manipulation of stored information, whereas short-term memory only refers to the short-term storage of information.used the term to describe their "short-term store".Most theorists today use the concept of working memory to replace or include the older concept of short-term memory, marking a stronger emphasis on the notion of manipulating information rather than mere maintenance.The earliest mention of experiments on the neural basis of working memory can be traced back to more than 100 years ago, when Hitzig and Ferrier described ablation experiments of the prefrontal cortex (PFC); they concluded that the frontal cortex was important for cognitive rather than sensory processes.What we now call working memory was formerly referred to variously as a "short-term store" or short-term memory, primary memory, immediate memory, operant memory, and provisional memory.

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